Sagarmatha National Park
15 Apr 2020 Magic Himalaya Treks
Sagarmatha National park is the protected area in northeast Nepal. This lies in the Himalayas. National Park Sagarmatha is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The National park covers 1,148 km2 of land in the Himalayas.
The world ‘Sagarmatha’ is the Nepali word used for Mount Everest. People also know Everest as Mount Sagarmatha as well as Sagarmatha Himal. The word Sagarmatha is imitative from two Nepali words of Sagar and Matha. The meaning of Sagar and Matha is Sky and head respectively. The name Everest is the western name given to the mountain and the surrounding area is recognized as the Everest area or Everest region.
Sagarmatha National park is dominated by the snowed capped mountains, Rivers, Valleys, and Trails and encompasses glaciers. The park is the highest national park in the world. The lowest point of the park is just over 2800m whereas the highest pint is the top of Everest. The park is established in 1976 and listed as a World Heritage Site in 1979. At the beginning day, the number of visitors was around 3000 which drastically increased over 30,000 every year. The park becomes the means of living for many locals as well as few outsiders.
Sagarmatha National park Landscapes
The altitude of the park ranges from 2800 meters. Landscapes of the area vary drastically from lush forests in the lower part of the park to barren lands on southern parts. The area made of many valleys. While on a trek people will notice about spending most of the time spending on barren land over 5000 meters.
In the west part of the park, you will able to find Dudh Koshi Valley which has Famous Gokyo Lakes. Gokyo Lake is the highest freshwater lake system in the world. Besides the lake, glaciers are very common in the park with Ngozumpa Glacier. Ngozumpa is the biggest in the Himalayas as well as the largest body of ice in the whole world.
Everest, Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse Pumori, and Amadablam are main attractions above 6000 meters.
Flora and Fauna on the National Park
The parks have the 118 species of birds. Rare species of mammals such as Himalayan snow leopard, Red Panda, and Himalayan Black bear found here. Yaks are common and popular animals in this area. We can also see donkey and camel as a means of transport.
Culture of Sagarmatha National park
Tibetan Buddhist Sherpa has inhabited the Sagarmatha region for the past four centuries. Sherpa culture and religion still survive. The slaughtering of animals is not allowed so foods on Sagarmatha National Park are based on grains and vegetables. While visit Monasteries we can still see Sherpa culture. We can also see the region’s culture on mani walls. Climbing Everest is also like the culture of the people living in the park. There are many famous Sherpa from the villages of Thame and Thamo.
Conditions of Tourism and the Park
After the successful summit of Everest, the number of tourists in the park increase. An increase in visitors had beneficial impacts on the local people’s life and infrastructure of the region. The important work such as building Lukla airport and many schools took place. There is a steady flow of money and investment in the region.
Now, there are many Teahouses on Everest base camp treks followed by many hotels and guest houses. There is a 3G Mobile connection and Wi-Fi in the teahouse of the area. There are many other means of communication introduced. Due to over follow of more than 30 thousand people every year, there is a demand for more teahouse and more facilities in the area.
Overall Sagarmatha National park is the must-visit parts of Nepal to see the best mountains as well as the best culture of locals. we can experience the park with an adventure of Everest base camp Trek, Gokyo Valley Trek, Everest three pass trek as well as a Helicopter ride to the base camp.