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15 Apr 2020 Nabin Baniya

Sagarmatha national park

Sagarmatha National Park is a protected area in northeast Nepal. This lies in the Himalayas. National Park Sagarmatha is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The National park covers 1,148 km2 of land in the Himalayas.

The word ‘Sagarmatha’ is the Nepali word used for Mount Everest. People also know Everest as Mount Sagarmatha as well as Sagarmatha Himal. The word Sagarmatha is imitative from two Nepali words Sagar and Matha. The meaning of Sagar and Matha is Sky and head respectively. The name Everest is the western name given to the mountain and the surrounding area is recognized as the Everest area or Everest region.

Sagarmatha National Park is dominated by the snowed capped mountains, Rivers, Valleys, and Trails and encompasses glaciers. The park is the highest national park in the world. The lowest point of the park is just over 2800m whereas the highest point is the top of Everest. The park was established in 1976 and listed as a World Heritage Site in 1979. At the beginning day, the number of visitors was around 3000 which drastically increased to over 30,000 every year. The park becomes the means of living for many locals as well as a few outsiders.

Sagarmatha National Park Landscapes

The altitude of the park ranges from 2800 meters. The landscapes of the area vary drastically from lush forests in the lower part of the park to barren lands in the southern parts. The area is made of many valleys. While on a trek people will notice about spending most of the time spending on barren land over 5000 meters.

In the west part of the park, you will able to find Dudh Koshi Valley which has Famous Gokyo Lakes. Gokyo Lake is the highest freshwater lake system in the world. Besides the lake, glaciers are very common in the park with the Ngozumpa Glacier. Ngozumpa is the biggest in the Himalayas as well as the largest body of ice in the whole world.

Everest, Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse Pumori, and Amadablam are the main attractions above 6000 meters.

Flora and Fauna in the National Park

The parks have 118 species of birds. Rare species of mammals such as Himalayan snow leopards, Red Pandas, and Himalayan Black bears are found here. Yaks are common and popular animals in this area. We can also see donkeys and camels as a means of transport.

Culture of Sagarmatha National Park

Tibetan Buddhist Sherpa has inhabited the Sagarmatha region for the past four centuries. Sherpa culture and religion still survive. The slaughtering of animals is not allowed so foods in Sagarmatha National Park are based on grains and vegetables. While visiting Monasteries we can still see Sherpa culture. We can also see the region’s culture on mani walls. Climbing Everest is also like the culture of the people living in the park. There are many famous Sherpa from the villages of Thame and Thamo.

Conditions of Tourism and the Park

After the successful summit of Everest, the number of tourists in the park increased. An increase in visitors had beneficial impacts on the local people’s lives and infrastructure of the region. Important work such as building Lukla airport and many schools took place. There is a steady flow of money and investment in the region.

Now, there are many Teahouses on Everest base camp treks followed by many hotels and guest houses. There is a 3G Mobile connection and Wi-Fi in the teahouse of the area. There are many other means of communication introduced. Due to over following of more than 30 thousand people every year, there is a demand for more teahouses and more facilities in the area. We have different kinds of packages which is why we can find different Everest base cmp treks and costs.


Overall Sagarmatha National Park is the must-visit part of Nepal to see the best mountains as well as the best culture of locals. We can see many helicopter flights enter the park. We can experience the park with an adventure of the Everest base camp Trek, Gokyo Valley Trek, and Everest three-pass trek as well as a Helicopter ride to the base camp.

Always remember magic Himalaya Treks for Everest base camp Helicopter tour price details and other cheap packages.

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