Tibet is located in the north-east of Asia. It mainly is a plateau region in Asia. To the world, Tibet is often referred to as “Roof of the World”, due to its highest region on earth. Tibet has an average elevation of 4900 meters. Tibet, the roof of the world had remained a forbidden land for the outsiders for the most part of the last century. Lying across the Himalayas ranges, Tibet was traditionally headed by the spiritual rules known as the Dalai lamas until 1965. That is the time the country was annexed as the autonomous region of China.
Why Visit Tibet
Potala and Norbulingka are the world`s heritage sites. It is also the residences of the Dalai Lama since the 7th century. Potala symbolizes Tibetan Buddhism and central Tibetan administration. It lies at an altitude of 3700 meters. The White Palace contains the main ceremonial hall with the throne of the Dalai Lama. The Palace also contains 698 murals, almost 10000 painted scrolls. This has numerous sculptures, carpets, canopies, Porcelain, jade and fine objects of gold and silver. Here are large collections of sutras and important historical documents.
The Jokhang Monastery
It was found by the regime in the 7th century mainly to promote the Buddhist religion. The Temple resembles the outstanding Tibatan Buddhist architectures build of wood and stones. Temple houses over 3000 images of Buddha, other deities and historical figures with many manuscripts and treasures.
The Dalai Lama’s former palace make in the 18th century. It is located on the bank of the Lhasa River. The Palace is layout to create exceptional work of art and closely linked with religious and political issues. Today, we can see numerous Temples and Monasteries. It is of great significance in Tibetan Buddhism.
Rich Culture and Tradition
The culture in Tibet is develope due to its geographical and climatic conditions. Buddhism has exerted a particularly stray influence on Tibatan culture sinceits introduction in the 7th century. Art. Literature, and music all contain elements of the prevailing Buddhist beliefs. The unique Tibetan costumes made of Yak and Sheep`s wool were woven and are dressed to protect form the extreme cold. The staple diet of Tibetan people includes Wheat, Buckwheat, and Barley. They are the nomadic people, solely depend on its livelihood on herding Yak, Sheep, and Goat.
Tibetan Festivals such as Losar(New year), Shoton, the Bathing festivals and many more. This all is deeply rooted in indigenous religion and foreign influences. The Festivals are a source of entertainment specially Yak racing. The numerous festivals are performing such as Music, Dance, Street music and Shodun. Mask Dances were performing to glorify the great Lamas or teacher in religious belief. It also celebrates the victory of good over evil instincts.
The national beverage is butter tea. It feds the needs of the human body in the high altitudes. Momos (Tibetan dumplings) are dishes. Balep serves as bread for break fast and lunch. The meat dishes are likely to be Yak, Goat, or mutton. This is often dry, or cook into a spicy stew with potatoes. In bigger cities and towns today serve Sichuan- style Chinese food. Western imports and fusion dishes, such as fried Yak and chips.
Tibetan Architecture has features though it contains Chinese as well as Indian influences. It is unique due to the high altitude place. This is Arid as well as cold climatic conditions. The construction materials are embellished with Buddhist symbols. For example, each and every house has a prayer flag on the roof.
The religious structures have two main types: temples. They are for religious ceremonies, worship, and Stupas(Chorten). These are reliquaries as well as symbols. Temples are in a variety of styles that are reflecting local architectural traditions. Chortens can vary in size as well as shape depending upon religious beliefs. Some Chortens are roundish whereas the southern part builds four-sided walls.
Typically Tibetan structures are of natural materials such as stone, clay, as well as wood. In the southern part of the country, the flat structure roof is being used where rainfall is at minimal, sloping roofs for western and central parts. In the past, windows featured paper-covered wooden latticework, but nowadays almost universally use glass.